A Unified and Adaptive Emergency Response requires good solid technology, which has been implemented for the operation. Everyone has a different system and always will. Communicating data is always going to be a challenge, especially from the field as decision makers, at all levels, need quality ground truth information to make good decisions. See Hierarchical Distributed Decision Making (HDDM) for emergency response and public safety.
Currently utilized technologies and protocols do not enable effective real-time, distributed, inter-agency communication and collaboration efforts. A product offering is required which can enable knowledge sharing for course of action development between agencies which may not be utilizing interoperable technologies, and which can manage after action reviews and incorporate knowledge contained within them into the COA development process and implementation during real-time and training exercises.